To make information about the authenticated user available to your pages and UI components, you usually define pageContext.user at renderPage():

// Vike server middleware
app.get('*', async (req, res) => {
  // Authentication middlewares (e.g. Passport.js and Grant) provide information about the
  // logged-in user at req.user
  const user = req.user
  /* Or when using a third-party authentication provider (e.g. Auth0):
  const user = await authProviderApi.getUser(req.headers)
  const pageContextInit = {
    urlOriginal: req.url,
    // Make the user object available at pageContext.user
  const result = await renderPage(pageContextInit)
  /* ... */

You can then access pageContext.user from any UI component using usePageContext().

You can pass any custom pageContext property to renderPage(), see API > pageContext > Custom.

Login flow

By using guard() with throw redirect() or throw render() you can:

  • Implement login flows.
  • Protect private pages from unprivileged access.
// /pages/admin/+guard.js
import { render, redirect } from 'vike/abort'
export const guard = (pageContext) => {
  const { user } = pageContext
  if (user === null) {
    // Render the login page while preserving the URL. (This is novel technique
    // which we explain down below.)
    throw render('/login')
    /* The more traditional way, redirect the user:
    throw redirect('/login')
  if (user.role !== 'admin') {
    // Render the error page and show message to the user
    throw render(403, 'Only admins are allowed to access this page.')

Using render('/login') instead of redirect('/login') allows the URL to be preserved during the entire login flow:

  1. Unauthenticated user goes to URL /admin and sees the login page. (URL is /admin.)
  2. User fills the sign-in form and successfully logs in. (URL is still /admin.)
  3. Reload the page, the user now sees the admin page. (URL is still /admin.)

See example.

You can also define a guard() hook that applies to multiple pages:

// /pages/+guard.js
// This guard() hook applies to all pages: the file is located at /pages/+guard.js
// and therefore applies to all /pages/**/+Page.js
import { render } from 'vike/abort'
export const guard = (pageContext) => {
  if (!pageContext.user) {
    throw render('/login')



Common auth tools:

In principle, you can use Vike with any authentication tool. Create a new discussion on GitHub if you have questions or if you want help with integrating an authentication tool.